When you’re learning English as a second language, it’s essential to start with the fundamentals, such as parts of speech, in order to know the function of the words you learn. There are eight main parts of speech in English which categorise words into the purpose they serve, so you can learn to use them properly.

In this article, we’re going to focus on three of the basic parts of speech that, once mastered, will ensure you start to understand and speak English faster and with greater fluency.

English Nouns

In its basic form, a noun is a thing, either physical or a concept. It can be a place, a person, or any object such as a dog or chair.

  • Physical things which can be touched, seen, smelled, heard or tasted are known as common nouns.
  • Proper nouns are always capitalised and include place names and the names of people such as Brisbane and Alexis.
  • Non-physical concepts such as ideas, memories and happiness are known as abstract nouns because they describe something that doesn’t have a physical form.

English Adjectives

An adjective is a word used to describe a noun, and in English, it comes before the noun, not after it. Anything that gives you more information about a particular noun is an adjective, such as red, large, slow, spotted, or nice.

Adjectives can be grouped together to provide more information such as the big, blue balloon. These are called descriptive adjectives.

You can also use adjectives to describe how many of something there is, such as a specific number, five, or more vague concepts like many or few. These are called quantitative adjectives.

English Verbs

Verbs are the words that can describe an action such as walk or shout, an experience such as to grow or to continue, or help convey more information such as is, was, could, would. There are three main types of verb: action verbs, linking verbs and helping verbs.

As you get more proficient at English, you’ll find that you start to use these verbs naturally and without much thought. Don’t worry about whether you’re using them correctly when you first start learning.

Learning English

English is a complicated language and the best way to learn it is by immersing yourself in classes in an English speaking country. By learning from real people, you’ll soon learn the correct way to use nouns, adjectives and verbs, and you’ll be well on your way to becoming fluent in English.

Study English in Australia

At The Eagle Academy, we aim to provide the very best courses in English, Business, Outdoor Recreation, Sport and Recreation, and Fitness for Australian and international students who want to pursue a career in the hospitality, tourism, sporting and personal training, and other business areas. We’ve become well known for our friendly advice and service, and for providing all the assistance you need to study in Australia.

For more information about our range of courses, or to enrol online, fill out the form on our contact page. You can also request a free course information pack.

English language courses are available at our Coolangatta Campus (Gold Coast) and our Spring Hill Campus (Brisbane) so phone or email the one that suits you for more information.