When you’re learning English as a second language, it’s essential to start with the fundamentals, such as parts of speech, in order to know the function of the words you learn. There are eight main parts of speech in English which categorise words into the purpose they serve, so you can learn to use them properly.
In this article, we’re going to focus on three of the basic parts of speech that, once mastered, will ensure you start to understand and speak English faster and with greater fluency.
In its basic form, a noun is a thing, either physical or a concept. It can be a place, a person, or any object such as a dog or chair.
- Physical things which can be touched, seen, smelled, heard or tasted are known as common nouns.
- Proper nouns are always capitalised and include place names and the names of people such as Brisbane and Alexis.
- Non-physical concepts such as ideas, memories and happiness are known as abstract nouns because they describe something that doesn’t have a physical form.
An adjective is a word used to describe a noun, and in English, it comes before the noun, not after it. Anything that gives you more information about a particular noun is an adjective, such as red, large, slow, spotted, or nice.
Adjectives can be grouped together to provide more information such as the big, blue balloon. These are called descriptive adjectives.
You can also use adjectives to describe how many of something there is, such as a specific number, five, or more vague concepts like many or few. These are called quantitative adjectives.
Verbs are the words that can describe an action such as walk or shout, an experience such as to grow or to continue, or help convey more information such as is, was, could, would. There are three main types of verb: action verbs, linking verbs and helping verbs.
As you get more proficient at English, you’ll find that you start to use these verbs naturally and without much thought. Don’t worry about whether you’re using them correctly when you first start learning.
English is a complicated language and the best way to learn it is by immersing yourself in classes in an English speaking country. By learning from real people, you’ll soon learn the correct way to use nouns, adjectives and verbs, and you’ll be well on your way to becoming fluent in English.
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